What Education Levels are Required for Head Start Staff?
Head Start wants to ensure that the staff and teachers who are serving local families have the appropriate education to do so.
The Early Childhood Learning & Knowledge Center (ECLKC) hosts a series of briefs that outlines all the educational requirements for the majority of Head Start staff positions, everything from Executive Directors to Home Visitors. Those briefs rely primarily on descriptions given in the Head Start Program Performance Standards (HSPPS), with some accompanying information from the Head Start Act.
For easy reference, we put together a list of all the positions outlined in the HSPPS with a brief description of the education requirements for each (for more detailed descriptions, see the HSPPS 45 CFR §1302.91). Keep in mind that these are the minimum requirements for each position. Grantees can always increase the requirements based on their needs.
Also note that when staff members hold several positions, say for example the Education Manager is also the Disabilities Coordinator, that person must meet the highest education requirement.
* Note: All positions within Head Start require a high school diploma or equivalency.
|Position||Special Certification||Associate’s Degree||Bachelor’s Degree||Educational Requirements|
|Head Start Directors||X||Bachelor’s or advanced degree with experience in supervision of staff, fiscal management, and administration.|
|Fiscal Officers||X||Certified Public Accountant or bachelor’s in accounting, business, fiscal management, or related field.|
|Family Services Managers||X||Bachelor’s or advanced degree, preferably related to one or more of the disciplines they oversee.|
|Health Services Manager||X||Bachelor’s or advanced degree, preferably in health management.|
|Education Manager||X||Bachelor’s or advanced degree in early childhood education or a bachelor’s or advanced degree and equivalent coursework in early childhood education with early childhood teaching experience.|
|Disabilities Manager||X||Bachelor’s or advanced degree, preferably related to one or more of the disciplines they oversee.|
|Center-based infant and toddler teachers||X||Child Development Associate (CDA) credential (or comparable) and have been trained specifically on infant and toddler development.|
|Center-based preschool teachers||X||X||Associate’s degree in child development or early childhood education. Bachelor’s degrees are required for 50% of teachers at the national level.|
|Center-based preschool assistant teachers||X||Child Development Associate (CDA) credential (or comparable) or be currently enrolled in a program that will lead to CDA, Associate’s degree, or Bachelor’s degree within two years.|
|Family Care Providers||X||Previous early child care experience and be enrolled in a Family Child Care CDA (or comparable) program to be completed within 18 months.|
|Home Visitors||X||Home-based Child Development Association (CDA) credential (or comparable) or equivalent coursework as part of an associate’s or bachelor’s degree.|
|Family Services Staff||X||Credential or certificate in social work, human services, family services, counseling or related field within 18 months of hire.|
|Health professional||X||Licensed or credentialed according to their specific health field, with experience required in serving young children and their families, if available in the community.|
|Coaches||X||Bachelor’s degree in early childhood education or related field.|